COBOL Include StatementCOBOL Copy Statement COBOL Array/Table
INCLUDE statement used to inserts declarations (DCLGEN) or statements into a source program.
INCLUDE statement can add the code to the programs but not an executable statement.
INCLUDE can include DCLGEN (which are usually copybook layouts to the tables) and part of actual code of application program.
During the Pre-compilation process, INCLUDE statement replaces by the statements in member.
- INCLUDE must specified in DATA DIVISION and PROCEDURE DIVISION.
- INCLUDE should contain source language statements or any SQL statements.
- Identifies a member to be included only in the configured include library.
Practical Example - INCLUDE:
Below example will explain about how the cobol code include will work
PERFCODE.INCLUDE will include to the main program during the pre-compilation process. So program will be compiled as a single piece of code
Include PERFCODE Code:
PERFORM VARYING I FROM 1 BY 1 UNTIL I > 6 SET STD-INDEX TO 1 ACCEPT STD-MARKS (STD-INDEX) IF STD-MARKS (STD-INDEX) < 35 CONTINUE ELSE ADD STD-MARKS (STD-INDEX) TO TOTAL-MARKS SET STD-INDEX DOWN BY 1 COMPUTE J = J + 1 END-IF END-PERFORM.
IDENTIFICATION DIVISION. PROGRAM-ID. COBINCLD. ENVIRONMENT DIVISION. DATA DIVISION. WORKING-STORAGE SECTION. 01 STD-DET OCCURES 6 TIMES INDEXED BY STD-INDEX. 05 STD-MARKS PIC 9(03). 01 TOTAL-MARKS PIC 9(03) VALUE ZERO. 01 STD-PERCENT PIC 9(03).9(02). 01 I PIC 9(01). 01 J PIC 9(01) VALUE ZERO. PROCEDURE DIVISION. MOVE ZEROES TO TOTAL-MARKS. ++INCLUDE PERFCODE IF J < 6 DISPLAY 'STUDENT FAILED, NO PERCENTAGE CALCULATED' ELSE COMPUTE STD-PERCENT = TOTAL-MARKS/6 DISPLAY 'STUDENT PERCENTAGE : ' STD-PERCENT. END-IF. STOP RUN.
COBOL Copy Statement COBOL Array/Table